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A Legend Who Developed World’s Second & India’s First Test Tube Baby

Dr. Subhas Mukhopadhaya (16 Jan 1931 - 19 Jun 1981)
Dr. Subhas Mukhopadhaya
(16 Jan 1931 – 19 Jun 1981)

Who is Dr. Subhas?

Dr. Mukhopadhaya was conceived on 16 January 1931 in a Brahmin family in Hazaribagh, Bihar (now in Jharkhand), India. He considered and graduated (in 1955) with a distinctions degree in physiology from the Calcutta National Medical College, which was then partnered with the prestigious University of Calcutta. He later earned a doctorate from the University of Calcutta in 1958 regenerative physiology under the stewardship of Prof. Sachchidananda Banerjee. Later he earned a moment doctorate from the University of Edinburgh in 1967 in regenerative endocrinology.

Dr. Subhas Mukhopadhaya, a physician from Hazaribagh, Bihar (now in Jharkhand), India, who created the world’s second and India’s first child using in-vitro fertilization, so called Test Tube Baby. He renamed her as Durga, born on 3 October 1978.

World’s second test tube baby

Durga was born 67 days after the first test tube baby, United Kingdom. On 25 July 1978, Dr. Robert Edwards and Dr. Patrick Steptoe gave birth world’s first test tube baby named Louise Joy Brown in Oldham General Hospital, England. In 2010,  Edwards was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2010 for his achievement. Steptoe was not eligible for consideration as the Nobel Prize is not awarded posthumously.

How Government treated him for his achievement

Unfortunately, Dr. Subhash Mukhopadhyay was harassed by the state government, and not allowed to share his achievements with the international scientific community. Dejected. 18 November 1978. A special committee was delegated by the Government of West Bengal under the therapeutic relationship to choosing over the destiny of a convict named Dr. Subhas Mukhopahyay. His charges are, one, he claims to be the modeler of first human test tube baby named Durga (3 October 1978). Besides, he declared the answer to the media before being cleared by the Government civil servants. Thirdly, he made the outlandish conceivable with few general device and an icebox in his little hut when others can’t consider notwithstanding having costly assets (in this experiment he was assisted by Sunit Mukherji and S.K. Bhattacharya). The fourth and most vital assertion, he never let his head around the Government Bureaucrats and his straightforwardness dependably pulled in desire out of his companions. The Committee put forward its final verdict that Everything Dr. Mukhopadhyay claims were bogus.
He was invited for a lecture on his work in a seminar in Japan, but permission for attending the seminar and his passport application was rejected by Indian Govt. In spite of honor Govt. transferred him to N.R.S. Medical College. Again he was transferred to a hospital in Bankura, W.B. Unfortunately he got effected by a heart disease and again he was transferred to Kolkata where he had to take steps to reach the fourth floor of the hospital. To demolish all his research he was transferred again to Calcutta Medical College in June 1981. Unfortunately, he committed suicide on 19 June 1981.

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Late Recognition

An offending quiet went ahead with each passing day. As indicated by logical records, Harsha Vardhan reddy buri (conceived 16 August 1986) turn into the primary human test tube baby of India. The credit for this accomplishment went to T. C. Anand Kumar, Director of IRR (ICMR). In 1997, he went to Kolkata to take part in a Science Congress. It was there that all the exploration reports of Mukhopadhyay were given over to him. After carefully investigating and having discourses with Durga’s folks, he turned into sure that Mukhopadhyay was the draftsman of first human test tube baby in India. This famous researcher once specified in a diary on ‘A study of Mukherjee ‘s technique’The brief depiction given by Mukherjee in his letter dated 19 October 1978 to the Director of Health Services, Government of West Bengal, the reports he gave to the TV meets and announced in the lay press portray how Mukherjee did the system of in vitro treatment.
On T.C. Anand Kumar’s drive, Mukhopadhyay was said as the draftsman of first Indian test tube baby in an archive identified with the subject of simulated intercourse in ICMR. India’s first test tube baby “Durga”, whose parental name is Kanupriya Agarwal, works in a Multinational Company as a Marketing Executive in Delhi. On her 25th birthday, she initially uncovered her character in a service composed in the memory of Mukhopadhyay. She talked about her maker before the media and demonstrated by and by that her maker’s claim was not false.
In the ‘Lexicon of Medical Biography,’ distributed by World Foundation, enrolls names of 1100 Medical Scientists from 100 nations around the globe for their way breaking commitments to the therapeutic science, Dr. Mukhopadhyay’s name is one of those names. What is more absurd is that after his passing, in 1981, one by one three researchers Howard Jones, Gleicher and Trounson (Australia) in three separate research guaranteed the innovation of Human test tube baby. All these three research were at that point effectively refined by Mukhopadhyay well before their time. One of these researchers even discovered his examination distributed in the acclaimed Journal Nature.


Reference/Source: Wikipedia


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