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Floating Nuclear Powerplant Designed by MIT Researchers
Since nuclear power plants emit no carbon dioxide hence are considered as green sources of energy but they have their own safety hazards regarding radiations. Researchers of MIT have developed a new technique of floating power plant that combines both nuclear reactor and deep-sea oil platform. It is built over a shipyard saving both time and money.
Researchers envisioning an Offshore Floating Nuclear Plant (OFNP) which constitutes the main structure about 45meters in diameter which will generate 300 megawatts of electricity. This would have lower cost fuel as nuclear fuel is cheaper and since it is situated over a source of cooling water which is valuable for the construction of nuclear plant since the Power to cooling pumps was cut. It also prevents radiation leakage if built on water bodies.
The nuclear reactor is either 300MW to 1,000 MW unit and located in watertight compartments low in the structures enhanced with security and safety through which ocean can be accessed. The given structure has a low center of gravity so as to increase stability.
A reactor pressure vessel is associated with reactor core and critical components which is located inside a compact structure called containment. The containment is surrounded by the large chamber that extends to the edge of the cylindrical structure and is constantly flooded with seawater which enables cooling and thereby preventing local land from thermal pollution